If you’re a landlord in Scotland, chances are you’ll have heard about the looming changes to the EPC requirements. We take a look at everything you need to know about the revised EPC requirements in Scotland.
What are the revised EPC Requirements in Scotland?
There has certainly been some confusion surrounding this legislation, not helped by delays caused by the pandemic. However, things have been simplified somewhat and result in the below requirements:
- Any property marketed for rental as of 2025 must have an EPC rating of C or above.
- All properties actively rented in the private sector must have an EPC rating of C or above by 2028.
The new EPC requirements in Scotland overwrite the previously overcomplicated phased in model
What is an EPC?
An EPC, short for Energy Performance Certificate, reports on the energy efficiency of a property. The ratings run from A-G (‘A’ being the most energy efficient).
An EPC provides estimated heating costs and makes suggestions on how to improve the energy efficiency of the property. It also provides indicative costs for these improvements as well as noting what ratings gains/cost savings could be achieved.
It is worth taking independent advice on the suggestions within the EPC before spending any money, as these are not always 100% accurate.
Why do I need an EPC?
If you’re looking to sell or let a property in Scotland, you need an EPC by law. This requirement has been in place since 2009.
How do I find my EPC?
Properties let (or sold) after 4 January 2009 should already have an EPC.
The EPC is also included in the Home Report for your property. If you’ve bought or let your property within the last ten years, you’ll be able to find your EPC here
What are the benefits of improving the energy efficiency of my property?
The benefits of improving the energy efficiency of a property are wide ranging. Aside from the obvious environmental benefits, a more energy efficient home will have lower monthly energy bills, will attract better tenants and should increase the capital value of the property. It is generally the larger, more expensive items that make the biggest impact (efficient boilers, double/triple glazed windows and good insulation).
What if my property doesn’t meet the standards?
Landlords who don’t comply with the EPC requirements in Scotland could find themselves with fines issued by the local authority.
It is worth noting that some traditional properties are never going to be able to breach a certain level of energy efficiency. This is due to the cost and disruption involved, and the fact that some listed properties cannot be visually altered. There are some cases for exemptions, including:
- It is not technically feasible to carry out improvements
- Where other owners in a block of flats refuse consent to do work to common parts of the building
- Where tenants refuse consent for work
- Where permission to carry out work to a property which is listed or in a conservation area can’t be obtained
- Where the cost of improvements needed exceeds £10000
Is there any support available to help me improve my property?
As a landlord, you are responsible for making improvements to your property. However, the Scottish Government does support landlords to help make their property more efficient, cheaper to heat and warmer. You can find what funding is available through Home Energy Scotland.